Godel

Title : Godel
Author : John L. Casti
Publisher : Basic Books
ISBN 13 : 0786747609
Date : 2009-04-21

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Kurt Gödel was an intellectual giant. His Incompleteness Theorem turned not only mathematics but also the whole world of science and philosophy on its head. Shattering hopes that logic would, in the end, allow us a complete understanding of the universe, Gödel's theorem also raised many provocative questions: What are the limits of rational thought? Can we ever fully understand the machines we build? Or the inner workings of our own minds? How should mathematicians proceed in the absence of complete certainty about their results? Equally legendary were Gödel's eccentricities, his close friendship with Albert Einstein, and his paranoid fear of germs that eventually led to his death from self-starvation. Now, in the first book for a general audience on this strange and brilliant thinker, John Casti and Werner DePauli bring the legend to life.

Kurt G del Collected Works Volume I

Title : Kurt G del Collected Works Volume I
Author : Kurt Gödel
Publisher : Oxford University Press
ISBN 13 : 0195039645
Date : 1986

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Kurt Gödel (1906 - 1978) was the most outstanding logician of the twentieth century, famous for his hallmark works on the completeness of logic, the incompleteness of number theory, and the consistency of the axiom of choice and the continuum hypothesis. He is also noted for his work on constructivity, the decision problem, and the foundations of computability theory, as well as for the strong individuality of his writings on the philosophy of mathematics. He is less well known for his discovery of unusual cosmological models for Einstein's equations, in theory permitting time travel into the past. The Collected Works is a landmark resource that draws together a lifetime of creative thought and accomplishment. The first two volumes were devoted to Gödel's publications in full (both in original and translation), and the third volume featured a wide selection of unpublished articles and lecture texts found in Gödel's Nachlass. These long-awaited final two volumes contain Gödel's correspondence of logical, philosophical, and scientific interest. Volume IV covers A to G, with H to Z in volume V; in addition, Volume V contains a full inventory of Gödel's Nachlass. L All volumes include introductory notes that provide extensive explanatory and historical commentary on each body of work, English translations of material originally written in German (some transcribed from the Gabelsberger shorthand), and a complete bibliography of all works cited. Kurt Gödel: Collected Works is designed to be useful and accessible to as wide an audience as possible without sacrificing scientific or historical accuracy. The only comprehensive edition of Gödel's work available, it will be an essential part of the working library of professionals and students in logic, mathematics, philosophy, history of science, and computer science and all others who wish to be acquainted with one of the great minds of the twentieth century.

From Frege to G del

Title : From Frege to G del
Author : Jean Van Heijenoort
Publisher : Harvard University Press
ISBN 13 : 0674324498
Date : 1967

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Gathered together in this book are the fundamental texts of the great classical period in modern logic. A complete translation of Gottlob Frege's "Begriffsschrift"--which opened a great epoch in the history of logic by fully presenting propositional calculus and quantification theory--begins the volume. The texts that follow depict the emergence of set theory and foundations of mathematics, two new fields on the borders of logic, mathematics, and philosophy. Essays trace the trends that led to "Principia mathematica," the appearance of modern paradoxes, and topics including proof theory, the theory of types, axiomatic set theory, and Lowenheim's theorem. The volume concludes with papers by Herbrand and by Godel, including the latter's famous incompleteness paper."

Incompleteness The Proof and Paradox of Kurt G del Great Discoveries

Title : Incompleteness The Proof and Paradox of Kurt G del Great Discoveries
Author : Rebecca Goldstein
Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN 13 : 9780393327601
Date : 2006-02-17

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A portrait of the eminent twentieth-century mathematician discusses his theorem of incompleteness, relationships with such contemporaries as Albert Einstein, and untimely death as a result of mental instability and self-starvation.

Kurt G del

Title : Kurt G del
Author : Kurt Gödel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN 13 : 3764353104
Date : 1995-12-01

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Kurt Gödel, together with Bertrand Russell, is the most important name in logic, and in the foundations and philosophy of mathematics of this century. However, unlike Russel, Gödel the mathematician published very little apart from his well-known writings in logic, metamathematics and set theory. Fortunately, Gödel the philosopher, who devoted more years of his life to philosophy than to technical investigation, wrote hundreds of pages on the philosophy of mathematics, as well as on other fields of philosophy. It was only possible to learn more about his philosophical works after the opening of his literary estate at Princeton a decade ago. The goal of this book is to make available to the scholarly public solid reconstructions and editions of two of the most important essays which Gödel wrote on the philosophy of mathematics. The book is divided into two parts. The first provides the reader with an incisive historico-philosophical introduction to Gödel's technical results and philosophical ideas. Written by the Editor, this introductory apparatus is not only devoted to the manuscripts themselves but also to the philosophical context in which they were written. The second contains two of Gödel's most important and fascinating unpublished essays: 1) the Gibbs Lecture ("Some basic theorems on the foundations of mathematics and their philosophical implications", 1951); and 2) two of the six versions of the essay which Gödel wrote for the Carnap volume of the Schilpp series The Library of Living Philosophers ("Is mathematics syntax of language?", 1953-1959).

Godel s Theorem in Focus

Title : Godel s Theorem in Focus
Author : S.G. Shanker
Publisher : Routledge
ISBN 13 : 9781134947973
Date : 2012-08-21

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A layman's guide to the mechanics of Gödel's proof together with a lucid discussion of the issues which it raises. Includes an essay discussing the significance of Gödel's work in the light of Wittgenstein's criticisms.

G del Escher Bach

Title : G del Escher Bach
Author : Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher : Penguin Group(CA)
ISBN 13 : 0140289208
Date : 2000

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'What is a self and how can a self come out of inanimate matter?' This is the riddle that drove Douglas Hofstadter to write this extraordinary book. In order to impart his original and personal view on the core mystery of human existence - our intangible sensation of 'I'-ness - Hofstadter defines the playful yet seemingly paradoxical notion of 'strange loop', and explicates this idea using analogies from many disciplines.

Godel s Proof

Title : Godel s Proof
Author : Ernest Nagel
Publisher : NYU Press
ISBN 13 : 9780814758014
Date : 2001-10-01

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In 1931 Kurt Gödel published his fundamental paper, "On Formally Undecidable Propositions of Principia Mathematica and Related Systems." This revolutionary paper challenged certain basic assumptions underlying much research in mathematics and logic. Gödel received public recognition of his work in 1951 when he was awarded the first Albert Einstein Award for achievement in the natural sciences—perhaps the highest award of its kind in the United States. The award committee described his work in mathematical logic as "one of the greatest contributions to the sciences in recent times." However, few mathematicians of the time were equipped to understand the young scholar's complex proof. Ernest Nagel and James Newman provide a readable and accessible explanation to both scholars and non-specialists of the main ideas and broad implications of Gödel's discovery. It offers every educated person with a taste for logic and philosophy the chance to understand a previously difficult and inaccessible subject. Marking the 50th anniversary of the original publication of Gödel's Proof, New York University Press is proud to publish this special anniversary edition of one of its bestselling and most frequently translated books. With a new introduction by Douglas R. Hofstadter, this book will appeal students, scholars, and professionals in the fields of mathematics, computer science, logic and philosophy, and science.

A Logical Journey

Title : A Logical Journey
Author :
Publisher : MIT Press
ISBN 13 : 0262261251
Date :

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has been writing in one form or another for most of his life. You can find so many inspiration from A Logical Journey also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full A Logical Journey book for free.

Metamathematics Machines and G del s Proof

Title : Metamathematics Machines and G del s Proof
Author : N. Shankar
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
ISBN 13 : 0521585333
Date : 1997-01-30

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Describes the use of computer programs to check several proofs in the foundations of mathematics.